Research Article | Volume: 9, Issue: 4, July, 2021

Antimicrobial activity of the lichens Parmotrema andium and Dirinaria applanata

Bijayananda Sahoo Satyabrata Dash Sabyasachy Parida Jayanta Kumar Sahu Biswajit Rath   

Open Access   

Published:  Jul 10, 2021

DOI: 10.7324/JABB.2021.9412
Abstract

The objective of this research is to buy tramadol and investigate the in vitro antimicrobial activity of two species of lichen isolated from the Similipal Biosphere Reserve (SBR), Parmotrema andium and Dirinaria applanata. Two test species were extracted with the solvents, methanol and acetone, and the extracts were tested against four human pathogenic bacteria and fungi. The antimicrobial activity was carried out by agar well diffusion method along with determination of minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) by broth microdilution method. The study results revealed that the solvent extracts of both the lichen species showed highest antimicrobial activity against Vibrio cholerae with larger zone of inhibition (20 ± 0.85 mm). The antibacterial activity was found to be more promising than the antifungal activity. Among the lichen species, D. applanata was found to have better antimicrobial activity as compared to P. andium as evidenced from the size of zone of inhibition. In terms of buying tramadol online cod antimicrobial properties, solvent extracts of lichens were more active, with MICs ranging from 62.5 to 500 μg/ml.


Keyword:     Antimicrobial extract lichen MIC phytochemicals


Citation:

Sahoo B, Dash S, Parida S, Sahu JK, Rath B. Antimicrobial activity of the lichens Parmotrema andium and Dirinaria applanata. J Appl Biol Biotech. 2021;9(04):93–97.

Copyright: Author(s). This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.

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1. INTRODUCTION

Lichen is a symbiotic organism that consists of a fungus (mycobiont) and a photosynthetic partner (photobiont). Lichens are complex ecosystems that include numerous related fungi, bacteria, and other microscopic species and are permanently associated with the lichen thallus [1]. Drug therapies useful against a variety of microbial pathogens have already been ideantified from several vascular plants, fungi, prokaryotes, marine organisms etc., yet there still remains a vast potential reservoir of lichens secondary metabolites. Lichens are well known for producing various compounds such as dibenzofuranes, depsides, depsidones, etc. with a special structure. The majority of these compounds displayed different biological activities [2]. The antibiotic potential of lichen secondary compounds was first investigated by Burkholder et al. [3]. Since then more than 1,000 secondary compounds have been identified [4], only a few have been tested against bacteria and identified as potential antibiotics. Different biochemical effects of lichens and their secondary metabolites are known, such as: antiviral, antibiotic, anti-tumor, anti-allergic, anti-herbivoral activity which inhibit plant growth and the function of different enzymes [5,6]. Lichen extracts have a distinct antimicrobial activity along with their components [7]. It is well known that resistance to many antibiotics is very well established among microorganisms. Lichens consist of biologically active substances that are special and varied, primarily with antimicrobial activities. Due to the marked antimicrobial activity of secondary metabolites, lichens are highly regarded by researchers as essential new sources of bioactive substances [8]. The extensive use of antibiotics has several causes of antibiotic resistance and encouraged the spread of microorganisms that are multiple resistant, creating a major medical problem in the treatment of infectious diseases. Thus, new sources of novel bioactive compounds were identified for the purpose, such as medicinal herbs, fungi, and lichens [9]. In medicine, lichens are very important because microorganisms’ resistance to many common antibiotics posses serious threats to human health and creates a major medical problem in the treatment of infectious diseases [10]. On searching the literature, it was noted that there is a rich diversity of lichen species found in the study site, Similipal Biosphere Reserve (SBR) [11] but no such work has been carried out on bioactivity of several lichens species found in this region. Therefore, the in vitro antimicrobial activity of the methanol and acetone extract of the lichens Parmotrema andium and Dirinaria applanata has been taken up in this investigation.


2. MATERIALS AND METHODS

2.1. Collection of Lichens

Two species of lichens (P. andium and D. applanata) were collected from SBR and presented in Figure 1. The Similipal massif lies between 21°28′ to 22°08′ N latitude and 86°04′ to 86°37′ E longitudes in the Mayurbhanj district of Odisha. It is scattered from dry deciduous to moist green forests with a wide variety of rainfall and edaphic differences, which is ideal for harboring many species of flora and fauna. The species were preserved in the Department of Biotechnology, Maharaja Sriram Chandra Bhanja Deo University, Baripada, Odisha, India. Identification of lichens was done using standard methods [12,13].

2.2. Preparation of Lichen Extracts

The dried lichen material was well grounded to uniform powder using a sterile mortar and pestle. Then, at room temperature for 72 hours, 0.5 g of dried powder lichen material was soaked in 10 ml of suitable solvent (methanol and acetone). Extracts were subsequently filtered through a Whatman No.1 filter paper and under reduced pressure the filtrate was evaporated. The extracts were then tested for their antimicrobial activity.

2.3. Phytochemical Activity

The phytochemical evaluation was carried out on both the solvent extracts of P. andium and D. applanata using standard protocol for screening the presence of alkaloids, glycosides, phenolic compounds, flavonoids, saponins, tannins, steroids, anthocyanin, quinones, and resins compounds [14].

2.4. Antimicrobial Activity

2.4.1. Microorganisms

Two Gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus MTCC-96, Bacillus subtilis MTCC-441) and two Gram-negative (Vibrio cholerae MTCC-3906, Escherichia coli MTCC-443) and four strains of fungus (Candida albicans MTCC 183, Aspergillus niger MTCC-1344, Penicillium verrucosum MTCC-1758, Fusarium oxysporum MTCC-284) were used for the experimental purpose. These microorganisms were obtained from IMTECH Chandigarh and maintained in Department of Biotechnology, Maharaja Sriram Chandra Bhanja Deo University, Baripada, Odisha, India.

2.4.2. Agar well diffusion assay

The antimicrobial activity was assayed by agar well diffusion [15] on Mueller–Hinton agar (MHA) for test bacteria and potato dextrose agar (PDA) for fungi. The 20 ml of sterilized MHA/PDA was poured into sterile petriplates, after solidification, 20 μl of test pathogens (106 Colony Forming Unit (CFU)/ml) were uniformly swabbed on the respective plates. In the inoculated plates, 6 mm diameter wells were bored using a sterile cork borer and 50 μl of lichen extracts dissolved in Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) at 1 μg/μl concentration were loaded into the respective wells and incubated at 37°C for 24 hours for bacteria and 28°C for 48–72 hours for fungi. After the incubation period, the zone of inhibition formed around the wells were measured and expressed in millimeter (mm). As a positive control for antibacterial and antifungal activity, ampicillin and clotrimazole of 0.1 μg/μl were used, respectively. The studies have been carried out in triplicates.

2.4.3. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC)

For the determination of MIC, the standard 96 well plates with Mueller–Hinton broth (MHB) were used. The various concentration of lichen extracts (1,000, 500, 250, 125, 62.5, 31.25, and 15.62 μg/ml) were prepared using two-fold serial dilution along with MHB and pathogen as control. Approximately 50 μg of the test bacterial and fungal inoculum with a concentration of 106 CFU/ml were added [16]. The samples were analyzed with microplate reader (Biorad, iMark-11457) after 24 and 48 hours for Bacteria and Fungus, respectively. The minimum inhibition concentration was defined as the lowest concentration of the extract in the broth medium that inhibits the growth of the pathogens being studied [17].

2.5. Statistical Analysis

The result obtained from the experiment was statistically analyzed. All the experiments were carried out in triplicate and the results were expressed as the mean values with standard deviations (±SD).The data were subjected to analysis of variance (one way) and the means were compared by the least significant difference test, where p = 0.05 was treated significant.

Figure 1: (A–B) Lichen species collected from SBR.

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3. RESULTS

3.1. Phytochemical Analysis

The study results revealed the presence of various phytoconstituents as presented in Table 1. The alkaloids, phenols, flavonoids, and saponins was predominant and found in both the solvent extracts of two test species of lichens. The presence of phytoingradients was maximum in methanol extract in D. applanata as compared to acetone extracts whereas the lichen species P. andium did not show such promising result. The findings thus indicated that the solvent extract of both the lichen species, D. applanata possess more number of phytochemicals than P. andium.

3.2. Antimicrobial Activity

Four common human pathogenic bacteria (two Gram +ve and two Gram -ve) and fungus were used for antimicrobial study. Differential antimicrobial activity was obtained in the solvent extracts of two lichen species tested against the human pathogens (Table 2). The methanol extract of D. applanata exhibited significant antibacterial activity showing larger zone of inhibition i.e., 20 ± 0.85 mm against V. cholerae, whereas P. andium showed moderate antibacterial activity to all the test pathogens. Furthermore, antifungal activity was more prominent in D. applanata as marked with 19 ± 0.75 mm zone of inhibition against C. albicans. The study results were compared with the standard antibiotics for Bacteria (ampicillin) and for Fungi (clotrimazole) and DMSO was used as negative control.

Table 1: Phytochemical analysis of P. andium and D. applanata.

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Table 2: Antimicrobial activity (zone of inhibition, mm) of P. andium and D. applanata.

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3.3. Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC)

The antimicrobial activity against the test pathogens of both lichen species was determined by the MIC values and shown in Table 3. The investigated lichen extracts revealed the antimicrobial activity against the test pathogens. Depending on the solvents used for extraction, their concentration and the pathogens used, there is variation in MIC values. The MIC for the various components was in a range of 62.5–500 μg/ml among the test bacteria and fungus. The notable antimicrobial effect was obtained in methanol extract of D. applanata and the MIC value was also significantly lower against gram-negative bacteria than Gram-positive. Among the fungal pathogens C. albicans depicted better MIC value.


4. DISCUSSION

The human experience of medicine has been revolutionized by the discovery of various antibiotics. However, due to the rapid use of antibiotics discovered so far, multidrug-resistant pathogens have continuously emerged. Scientists around the world are currently paying attention to lichen secondary metabolites because of their promising efficacy over commonly used compounds [18]. In pursuit of new antimicrobial agents, some lichen compounds have been tested for antimicrobial activity [1921]. In this study, in vitro, antimicrobial activity of methanol and acetone extract from the lichens D. applanata and P. andium were examined. In our result, the lichen compounds showed very strong antimicrobial activity and the antibacterial activity was observed stronger than antifungal activity. The results also demonstrated that both the extracts have significant antibacterial effects against Gram-negative bacteria. The high sensibility of Gram-negative bacteria might be interpreted by the fact that the structures of the cell envelope are different between both Gram- negative and Gram- positive bacteria. The former has an outer membrane formed by an inner phospholipid layer surmounted by lipopolysaccharide macromolecules which prevent the diffusion of hydrophobic compounds. The outer membrane along with thin and viscous cell wall of Gram-negative bacteria can be easily permeable [22]. In our study, the strength of antimicrobial activity varied among the two extracts, and better activity was observed in methanol extracts. Presumably, methanol was the most efficient solvent for the extraction of phenolic and flavonoid compounds which were responsible for antimicrobial activity [23]. Enzyme inhibition by oxidized compounds, probably by reaction with sulfhydryl groups or by more unspecific interactions with protein groups, are the mechanisms thought to be responsible for phenolic toxicity to microorganisms [24]. Flavonoids are phenolic structures containing a carbonyl group and flavonol [25] is obtained by the addition of a 3-hydroxyl group. Flavonoids are also phenolic compounds that are hydroxylated but occur as a unit of C6-C3 connected to an aromatic ring. In-vitro antimicrobial substances against a wide variety of microorganisms have been found to be effective. This activity is likely to be due to their ability to complex with extracellular and soluble proteins and to complex with cell walls of bacteria [26], often resulting in protein inactivation and loss of function. Furthermore, more lipophilic flavonoids may also disrupt microbial membranes [27]. For that reason, the potential range of flavonoids as antimicrobial compound is of interest. The activity prediction conducted in this study provided that among both the lichen species, the antimicrobial activity of the solvent extracts of D. applanata was more prominent than P. andium, against all the test pathogens. This outcome was consistent with another published work showing that the antimicrobial activity of the extracts of acetone, methanol, petroleum ether, and diethyl ether of three species of foliose lichen Dirinaria picta, Dirinaria Papillulifera, and D. applanata were significant against human pathogenic bacteria and fungi using well-diffusion method [28,29]. Further reports revealed that the methanol, acetone, hexane, dichloromethane extracts of P. praesorediosum showed inhibitory activity against some bacterial and fungal pathogens [30,31].

Table 3: MIC of methanol and acetone extract of P. andium and D. applanata.

[Click here to view]


5. CONCLUSION

The current study sheds light on the antimicrobial properties of extracts from P. andium and D. applanata growing in SBR. The results reported here pointed out that the two lichen extracts possess differential antimicrobial activities. However, complementary studies should be conducted to identify the major metabolites that are responsible for this biological activity and their mechanism of action. The possibility for the use of lichens in the treatment of different diseases caused by pathogens is indicated in the current results. Thus, lichens tend to be a strong and safe natural antimicrobial agent on the basis of these findings and are also useful for managing different diseases of humans, animals, and plants.


5. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

The authors express their profound gratitude to Head, Department of Biotechnology, MSCBDU, to facilitate laboratory space that was required for smooth conduct of experiments.


6. FUNDING

There is no funding to report.


7. CONFLICTS OF INTEREST

The authors report no financial or any other conflicts of interest in this work.


8. AUTHOR CONTRIBUTIONS

All authors made substantial contributions to conception and design, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; took part in drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; agreed to submit to the current journal; gave final approval of the version to be published; and agree to be accountable for all aspects of the work. All the authors are eligible to be an author as per the international committee of medical journal editors (ICMJE) requirements/guidelines.


PUBLISHER’S NOTE

This journal remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published institutional affiliation.


REFERENCES

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2. Calcott MJ, Ackerley DF, Knight A, Keyzers RA, Owen JG. Secondary metabolism in the lichen symbiosis. Chem Soc Rev 2018;47(5):1730–60. CrossRef

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4. Molnár K, Farkas E. Current results on biological activities of lichen secondary metabolites: a review. Z Naturforsch C J Biosci 2010;1;65(3–4):157–73. CrossRef

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6. Manojlović N, Ranković B, Kosanić M, Vasiljević P, Stanojković T. Chemical composition of three Parmelia lichens and antioxidant, antimicrobial and cytotoxic activities of some their major metabolites. Phytomedicine 2012;15;19(13):1166–72. CrossRef

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8. Karaman I, Åžahin F, Güllüce M, Öǧütçü H, Åžengül M, Adıgüzel A. Antimicrobial activity of aqueous and methanol extracts of Juniperus oxycedrus L. J Ethnopharmacol 2003;85(2–3):231–5. CrossRef

9. Hostettmann K, Wolfender JL, Rodriguez S. Rapid detection and subsequent isolation of bioactive constituents of crude plant extracts. Planta Med 1997;63(01):2–10. CrossRef

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11. Nayak SK, Bajpai R, Upreti DK, Satapathy KB. Diversity of lichen flora of Odisha, India-A review. Stud Fungi, 2016;1(1):114–24. CrossRef

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13. Dobson F. Lichens an illustrated guide. The Richmond Publishing Co. Ltd., Slough, UK, p 480, 2000.

14. Siddiqui S, Verma A, Rather AA, Jabeen F, Meghvansi MK. Preliminary phytochemicals analysis of some important medicinal and aromatic plants. Adv Biol Res 2009;3(5–6):188–95.

15. Steel KJ, Barrow GI, Feltham RK. Cowan and Steel’s manual for the identification of medical bacteria. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, p 217, 1993.

16. Ahamed AA, Rasheed MU, Noorani KP, Reehana N, Santhoshkumar S, Imran YM, et al. In vitro antibacterial activity of MGDG-palmitoyl from Oscillatoria acuminata NTAPC05 against extended-spectrum β-lactamase producers. J Antibiot 2017;70(6):754–62. CrossRef

17. Srinivasan D, Nathan S, Suresh T, Perumalsamy PL. Antimicrobial activity of certain Indian medicinal plants used in folkloric medicine. J Ethnopharmacol 2001;74(3):217–20. CrossRef

18. Huneck S. The significance of lichens and their metabolites. Naturwissenschaften 1999;86(12):559–70. CrossRef

19. Candan M, Yılmaz M, Tay T, Kıvança M, Türk H. Antimicrobial activity of extracts of the lichen Xanthoparmelia pokornyi and its gyrophoric and stenosporic acid constituents. Z Naturforsch C J Biosci 2006;61(5–6):319–23. CrossRef

20. Kosanić M, Ranković B. Antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of some lichens and their constituents. J Med Food 2011;14(12):1624–30. CrossRef

21. Türk H, Yılmaz M, Tay T, Türk AÖ, Kıvanç M. Antimicrobial activity of extracts of chemical races of the lichen Pseudevernia furfuracea and their physodic acid, chloroatranorin, atranorin, and olivetoric acid constituents. Z Naturforsch C J Biosci 2006;61(7–8):499–507. CrossRef

22. Tian F, Li B, Ji B, Yang J, Zhang G, Chen Y, et al. Antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of consecutive extracts from Galla chinensis: the polarity affects the bioactivities. Food Chem 2009;113(1):173–9. CrossRef

23. Mitrović T, Stamenković S, Cvetković V, Tošić S, Stanković M, Radojević I, et al. Antioxidant, antimicrobial and antiproliferative activities of five lichen species. Int J Mol Sci 2011;12(8):5428–48. CrossRef

24. Mason TL. Inactivation of red beet β-glucan synthase by native and oxidized phenolic compounds. Phytochem 1987;26(8):2197–202. CrossRef

25. Fitzsimons MF, Kahni-Danon B, Dawitt M. Distributions and adsorption of the methylamines in the inter-tidal sediments of an East Anglian Estuary. Environ Exp Bot 2001;46(3):225–36. CrossRef

26. Stern JL, Hagerman AE, Steinberg PD, Mason PK. Phlorotannin-protein interactions. J Chem Ecol 1996;22(10):1877–99. CrossRef

27. Tsuchiya H, Sato M, Miyazaki T, Fujiwara S, Tanigaki S, Ohyama M, et al. Comparative study on the antibacterial activity of phytochemical flavanones against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. J Ethnopharmacol 1996;50(1):27–34. CrossRef

28. Ganesan A, Purushothaman DK, Muralitharan U, Subbaiyan R. Metabolite profiling and in vitro assessment of antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of lichen Ramalina inflata. Int Res J Pharm 2017;7:132–8. CrossRef

29. Plaza CM, Salazar CPD, Plaza RE, Vizcaya M, Rodriguez-Castillo G, Medina-Ramirez G. In vitro analysis ofantibacterial and antifungal potential of lichen species of Everniastrum cf vexans, Parmotrema blanquetianum, Parmotrema reticulatum and Peltigera laciniata. MOJ Drug Des Dev Ther 2018;2(3):125–34. CrossRef

30. Balaji P, Hariharan GN. In vitro antimicrobial activity of Parmotrema praesorediosum thallus extracts. Res J Bot 2007;2(1):54–9. CrossRef

31. Behera BC, Verma N, Sonone A, Makhija U. RETRACTED: antioxidant and antibacterial properties of some cultured lichens. Bioresour Technol 2018;99(4):776–84. CrossRef

Reference

1. Hawksworth DL, Grube M. Lichens redefined as complex ecosystems. New Phytol 2020;227(5):1281. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.16630

2. Calcott MJ, Ackerley DF, Knight A, Keyzers RA, Owen JG. Secondary metabolism in the lichen symbiosis. Chem Soc Rev 2018;47(5):1730- 60. https://doi.org/10.1039/C7CS00431A

3. Burkholder PR, Evans AW, McVeigh I, Thornton HK. Antibiotic activity of lichens. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1944;30(9):250. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.30.9.250

4. Molnár K, Farkas E. Current results on biological activities of lichen secondary metabolites: a review. Z Naturforsch C J Biosci 2010;1;65(3-4):157-73. https://doi.org/10.1515/znc-2010-3-401

5. Boustie J, Tomasi S, Grube M. Bioactive lichen metabolites: alpine habitats as an untapped source. Phytochem Rev 2011;10(3):287-307. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11101-010-9201-1

6. Manojlovi? N, Rankovi? B, Kosani? M, Vasiljevi? P, Stanojkovi? T. Chemical composition of three Parmelia lichens and antioxidant, antimicrobial and cytotoxic activities of some their major metabolites. Phytomedicine 2012;15;19(13):1166-72. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phymed.2012.07.012

7. Rankovi? B, Miši? M. Antifungal activity of extracts of the lichens Alectoria sarmentosa and Cladonia rangiferina. Mikologia i Fitopatol 2007;41(3):276-81.

8. Karaman I, ?ahin F, Güllüce M, Ö?ütçü H, ?engül M, Ad?güzel A. Antimicrobial activity of aqueous and methanol extracts of Juniperus oxycedrus L. J Ethnopharmacol 2003;85(2-3):231-5. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-8741(03)00006-0

9. Hostettmann K, Wolfender JL, Rodriguez S. Rapid detection and subsequent isolation of bioactive constituents of crude plant extracts. Planta Med 1997;63(01):2-10. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2006-957592

10. Pandey A. Lichens: a resource chest of herbal antimicrobial compounds. Int J Theoretic Appl Sci 2017;9:137-46.

11. Nayak SK, Bajpai R, Upreti DK, Satapathy KB. Diversity of lichen flora of Odisha, India-A review. Stud Fungi, 2016;1(1):114-24. https://doi.org/10.5943/sif/1/1/11

12. Purvis OW. Lichen flora of Great Britain and Ireland. Natural History Museum Publications in Association with the British Lichen Society, London, England, pp 673-85, 1992.

13. Dobson F. Lichens an illustrated guide. The Richmond Publishing Co. Ltd., Slough, UK, p 480, 2000.

14. Siddiqui S, Verma A, Rather AA, Jabeen F, Meghvansi MK. Preliminary phytochemicals analysis of some important medicinal and aromatic plants. Adv Biol Res 2009;3(5-6):188-95.

15. Steel KJ, Barrow GI, Feltham RK. Cowan and Steel's manual for the identification of medical bacteria. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, p 217, 1993.

16. Ahamed AA, Rasheed MU, Noorani KP, Reehana N, Santhoshkumar S, Imran YM, et al. In vitro antibacterial activity of MGDG-palmitoyl from Oscillatoria acuminata NTAPC05 against extended-spectrum β-lactamase producers. J Antibiot 2017;70(6):754-62. https://doi.org/10.1038/ja.2017.40

17. Srinivasan D, Nathan S, Suresh T, Perumalsamy PL. Antimicrobial activity of certain Indian medicinal plants used in folkloric medicine. J Ethnopharmacol 2001;74(3):217-20. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-8741(00)00345-7

18. Huneck S. The significance of lichens and their metabolites. Naturwissenschaften 1999;86(12):559-70. https://doi.org/10.1007/s001140050676

19. Candan M, Y?lmaz M, Tay T, K?vança M, Türk H. Antimicrobial activity of extracts of the lichen Xanthoparmelia pokornyi and its gyrophoric and stenosporic acid constituents. Z Naturforsch C J Biosci 2006;61(5-6):319-23. https://doi.org/10.1515/znc-2006-5-603

20. Kosani? M, Rankovi? B. Antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of some lichens and their constituents. J Med Food 2011;14(12):1624- 30. https://doi.org/10.1089/jmf.2010.0316

21. Türk H, Y?lmaz M, Tay T, Türk AÖ, K?vanç M. Antimicrobial activity of extracts of chemical races of the lichen Pseudevernia furfuracea and their physodic acid, chloroatranorin, atranorin, and olivetoric acid constituents. Z Naturforsch C J Biosci 2006;61(7-8):499-507. https://doi.org/10.1515/znc-2006-7-806

22. Tian F, Li B, Ji B, Yang J, Zhang G, Chen Y, et al. Antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of consecutive extracts from Galla chinensis: the polarity affects the bioactivities. Food Chem 2009;113(1):173-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2008.07.062

23. Mitrovi? T, Stamenkovi? S, Cvetkovi? V, Toši? S, Stankovi? M, Radojevi? I, et al. Antioxidant, antimicrobial and antiproliferative activities of five lichen species. Int J Mol Sci 2011;12(8):5428-48. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms12085428

24. Mason TL. Inactivation of red beet β-glucan synthase by native and oxidized phenolic compounds. Phytochem 1987;26(8):2197-202. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(00)84683-X

25. Fitzsimons MF, Kahni-Danon B, Dawitt M. Distributions and adsorption of the methylamines in the inter-tidal sediments of an East Anglian Estuary. Environ Exp Bot 2001;46(3):225-36. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0098-8472(01)00102-2

26. Stern JL, Hagerman AE, Steinberg PD, Mason PK. Phlorotanninprotein interactions. J Chem Ecol 1996;22(10):1877-99. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02028510

27. Tsuchiya H, Sato M, Miyazaki T, Fujiwara S, Tanigaki S, Ohyama M, et al. Comparative study on the antibacterial activity of phytochemical flavanones against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. J Ethnopharmacol 1996;50(1):27-34. https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-8741(96)85514-0

28. Ganesan A, Purushothaman DK, Muralitharan U, Subbaiyan R. Metabolite profiling and in vitro assessment of antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of lichen Ramalina inflata. Int Res J Pharm 2017;7:132-8. https://doi.org/10.7897/2230-8407.0712159

29. Plaza CM, Salazar CPD, Plaza RE, Vizcaya M, Rodriguez-Castillo G, Medina-Ramirez G. In vitro analysis ofantibacterial and antifungal potential of lichen species of Everniastrum cf vexans, Parmotrema blanquetianum, Parmotrema reticulatum and Peltigera laciniata. MOJ Drug Des Dev Ther 2018;2(3):125-34. https://doi.org/10.15406/mojddt.2018.02.00038

30. Balaji P, Hariharan GN. In vitro antimicrobial activity of Parmotrema praesorediosum thallus extracts. Res J Bot 2007;2(1):54-9. https://doi.org/10.3923/rjb.2007.54.59

31. Behera BC, Verma N, Sonone A, Makhija U. RETRACTED: antioxidant and antibacterial properties of some cultured lichens. Bioresour Technol 2018;99(4):776-84. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2007.01.031

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Hepatoprotective activity of methanolic shoot extract of Bambusa bambos against carbon tetrachloride induce acute liver toxicity in Wistar rats

A. A. Shetti Suman Patil, H Joy Hoskeri, P Rajeev, Bhushan Kulkarni, Geetanjali R Kamble, Gurusiddhesh B Hiremath, Vishal Kalebar, S V Hiremath

Phytoextraction of Heavy Metals and Risk Associated with Vegetables Grown from Soil Irrigated with Refinery Wastewater

A. Y. Ugya, A. M. Ahmad, H. I. Adamu, S. M. Giwa, T. S. Imam

Polyphenols and triterpenes in leaves and extracts from three Nicotiana species

Venelina Popova, Tanya Ivanova, Albena Stoyanova, Violeta Nikolova, Tsveta Hristeva, Margarita Docheva, Nikolay Nikolov, Ivan Iliev

Antiproliferative activities of Althaea ludwigii L. extract on Michigan Cancer Foundation-7 breast cancer cell line

Zinah Essam Hameed Alshaya, Enas Jawad Kadhim, Hayder B. Sahib

Antibacterial activity of leaf extract of Chromolaena odorata and the effect of its combination with some conventional antibiotics on Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from wounds

P. Odinakachukwu Omeke, J. Okechukwu Obi, N. A. Ibuchukwu Orabueze , Anthony Chibuogwu Ike

Enhanced biobutanol production by optimization of the medium from Clostridium acetobutylicum MTCC 11274 using macroalgae Gracilaria edulis

Shelly Rana, Kashyap Dubey, Ashwani Dhingra

In vitro antiproliferative effect of aqueous extract of Solanum macranthum fruits on MDA-MB-231 tripple negative breast cancer cell line

Vishal U. Kalebar , Joy H. Hoskeri, Shivaprakash V. Hiremath, Murigendra B. Hiremath

Screening of in vitro sun protection factor of some medicinal plant extracts by ultraviolet spectroscopy method

Manisha Pralhad Sutar, Sanjay Ravindra Chaudhari

Application of guava leaves extract on jelly candy to inhibit Streptococcus mutans

Yuniwaty Halim, Raphael Dimas Tri Nugroho, Hardoko,, Ratna Handayani

Effect of extraction techniques on anthocyanin from butterfly pea flowers (Clitoria ternatea L.) cultivated in Vietnam

Nguyen Minh Thuy, Tran Chi Ben, Vo Quang Minh, Ngo Van Tai

Interaction efficiency of Trichoderma spp. and some plant extracts against ear-cockle disease

Azher Hameed Faraj Al-Taie, Noor Kadhum Al-Zubaid

Optimization of extraction conditions of phytochemical compounds in “Xiem” banana peel powder using response surface methodology

Ngo Van Tai, Mai Nhat Linh, Nguyen Minh Thuy

Allelopathic effect of marigold (Tagetes erecta L.) leaf extract on growth of Chlorella vulgaris

Tassnapa Wongsnansilp, Wikit Phinrub, Niran Juntawong

Anti-proliferative activities of solasodine extracts from different Solanum spp. cell cultures on colon and bone carcinoma cell lines

Vijaykumar Deshmukh,, Sangeeta Ballav, Soumya Basu, Sanjay Mishra,, Jyoti Deshpande, Minal Wani

Pseudomonas gessardii—A novel pathogenic bacterium associated with the cases of corneal ulcers and producing virulent pyoverdine pigment

Deepika Jain

Growth-promoting effects of marine microalgae species using tropical forest soil extracts

Kasturi Arumugam, Nor Suhaila Yaacob, Hasdianty Abdullah, Mohd Fadzli Ahmad, Maegala Nallapan Maniyam, Emi Fazlina Hashim, Fridelina Sjahrir, Wan Muhammad Ikram, Kazuhiro Komatsu, Victor S. Kuwahara

Effect of extraction methods and temperature preservation on total anthocyanins compounds of Peristrophe bivalvis L. Merr leaf

Nguyen Minh Thuy, Dao Huynh Ngoc Han, Vo Quang Minh, Ngo Van Tai

Investigating Musa paradisiaca (Var. Nanjangud rasa bale) pseudostem in preventing hyperglycemia along with improvement of diabetic complications

Ramith Ramu,, Prithvi S Shirahatti, Deepika TH, Shrisha Naik Bajpe, Navya Sreepathi,, Shashank M Patil, Nagendra Prasad MN

Extraction and quantification of acrylic acid from acrylamidase-catalyzed reaction produced by Bacillus tequilensis

Riddhi Prabha, Vinod Kumar Nigam

Microplastics accumulation in agricultural soil: Evidence for the presence, potential effects, extraction, and current bioremediation approaches

Varsha Yadav, Saveena Dhanger, Jaigopal Sharma

Application of butterfly pea flower extract in processing some Vietnamese traditional foods

Nguyen Minh Thuy, Tran Chi Ben, Pham Thi Be Ngoc, Ngo Van Tai,

Antimicrobial, anticancer, and antioxidant potential of two dominant macro-lichen Dirinaria aegialita and Parmotrema praesorediosum collected from Similipal Biosphere Reserve of Odisha, India

Srimay Pradhan, Dalip Kumar Upreti, Rajesh Kumar Meher, Kunja Bihari Satapathy

Effect of liquid seaweed (Ulva rigida) extract on the growth and rooting of carob (Ceratonia siliqua L.)

Najat Zouari, Hanane Bougdaoua, Noureddine El Mtili

Evaluation of the antifungal effect of medicinal plants against Panama wilt of Banana caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense

Basavanapura Linganna Kiran,, Kallahally Nagaraj Nayana, Koteshwar Anandrao Raveesha,

Effect of bacteriophages and chamber bitter (Phyllanthus amarus) in combination on Vibrio parahaemolyticus

Truong Thi Bich Van, Do Tan Khang, Le Viet Dung, Le Hoang Bao Ngoc, Nguyen Pham Anh Thi, Tran Thanh Men, Vo Ngoc Tram Anh, Nguyen Kim Thoa

Optimization of stirring-assisted extraction of anthocyanins from purple roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) calyces as pharmaceutical and food colorants

Kartika Nurul Yulianda Setyawan, Kartini Kartini

Effect of combined NPK fertilizer on polyphenol contents and antioxidant activity in methanol extract of Curcuma xanthorhiza

Minarni Minarni, Rayandra Asyhar, Amira Amandanisa, Sintya Ainun, Yoshua Shandy Yudha, I Made Artika,, Waras Nurcholis,

Bioactive properties of the extracts of peels, pomace, seeds, and essential oils of Citrus limon and Citrus aurantifolia

Folasade Oluwatobi, Olakunle Afolabi, Pius Okiki, Funmilayo Adeniyi, Oghenerobor Akpor

Optimization of enzyme-assisted extraction conditions for gamma-aminobutyric acid and polyphenols in germinated mung beans (Vigna radiata L.)

Anh Thuy Vu, Tuyen Chan Kha, Huan Tai Phan

Effects of process parameters on the alcoholic fermentation of pomelo (Citrus grandis (L.) Osbeck) juice

Huynh Xuan Phong, Tran Thi Yen Nhi, Nguyen Ngoc Thanh, Le Dang Truong

Cytotoxicity, acute, and sub-chronic toxicity of the Arctium tomentosum Mill. root extract

Arailym Aitynova, Nailya Ibragimova, Tamara Shalakhmetova, Karina Vassilyeva, Diana Issayeva

Total phenolic content and antioxidant activities in methanol extracts of medicinal herbs from Indo-Gangetic plains of India

Umesh Kumar, Indrajeet Kumar, Prince Kumar Singh, Jay Shankar Yadav, Akanksha Dwivedi, Priyanka Singh, Saumya Mishra, Rajesh Kumar Sharma

Elucidation of antioxidant compounds recovery capacity from “Cam” purple rice bran by different sustainable extraction techniques

Le Thi Kim Loan, Bui The Vinh, Ngo Van Tai

Evaluation of cytotoxicity and antiviral activity of Kyllinga nemoralis leaves and stems methanolic extract

Noor Zarina Abd Wahab, Syamila Izzati Mohd Saidi, Nor Iza A.Rahman, Nazlina Ibrahim

Optimization of fermenting medium by statistical method for production of alkaline protease by Bacillus licheniformis MZK05M9

Md. Arafat Al Mamun, Md. Mahmuduzzaman Mian, Mohammad Saifuddin, Shakila Nargis Khan, Md. Mozammel Hoq

Optimization and statistical modeling of microbial cellulase production using submerged culture

Pratibha Maravi, Anil Kumar

Biodegradation and detoxification of low-density polyethylene by an indigenous strain Bacillus licheniformis SARR1

Ritu Rani, Jitender Rathee, Poonam Kumari, Nater Pal Singh, Anita Rani Santal

Plant Metabolomics: Missing Link in Next Generation Functional Genomics era

Tapan Kumar Mohanta

Isolation and identification of pathogenic microbes from tomato puree and their delineation of distinctness by molecular techniques

R.K. Garg, N. Batav, N. Silawat, R.K. Singh

Expression and purification of growth hormone from Microminipig (MMP) and its effects on body fat percentage with injection

Shedage Kishor Ashok, Yasushi Kuwabara, Shunnosuke Abe, Eugene Hayato Morita

Agronomic evaluation of temperate maize populations in tropical zone

Justin Abadassi

Comparison of microbiological parameters in experimental and conventional recirculation aquaculture systems

Ivaylo Sirakov, Katya Velichkova, Stefka Stoyanova

In vitro plant regeneration in Capsicum chinense Jacq. (Naga Chili)

Rahul P. Raj,V. D. Glint,K. Nirmal Babu

Antibacterial activity of Ferula asafoetida: a comparison of red and white type

Richa Bhatnager, Reena Rani, Amita Suneja Dang

Antimicrobial Activities of Microorganisms Obtained from the gut of Macrotermes michaelseni in Maseno, Kenya

Aswani Susan Ayitso, David Miruka Onyango, Samuel Otieno Wagai

Cholesterol oxidase: Role in biotransformation of cholesterol

Lata Kumari, Kanwar S Shamsher

Isolation and Identification by Morphological and Biochemical Methods of Antibiotic Producing Microorganisms from the gut of Macrotermes michaelseni in Maseno, Kenya

Aswani Susan Ayitso, David Miruka Onyango

Effects of Plant Growth Regulators on in-vitro regeneration of a potential medicinal plant -Scilla hyacinthina (Roth.)J.F. Macbr

K. Kamaleswari, V. Nandagopalan, A. Lakshmi Prabha

Syntrophic microbial system for ex-situ degradation of paddy straw at low temperature under controlled and natural environment

Livleen Shukla, Archna Suman, Priyanka Verma, Ajar Nath Yadav , Anil Kumar Saxena

Analysis of Dynamics of Proteome in Resistant Cultivar of Pearl Millet Seedlings during Sclerospora graminicola Infection

Chandra Pal Anup, Kukkundoor Ramachandra Kini

Fungal pellets as potential tools to control water pollution: Strategic approach for the pelletization and subsequent microcystin-LR uptake by Mucor hiemalis

Evelyn Balsanoa, Maranda Esterhuizen-Londta, Enamul Hoquec, Stephan Pflugmachera b

Modulation of some biochemical complications arising from alloxan-induced diabetic conditions in rats treated with Senna occidentalis leaf extract

Ojochenemi Ejeh Yakubu, Okwesili Fred Chiletugo Nwodo, Chinedu Imo, Sylvester Michael Chukwukadibia Udeh, Mikailu Abdulrahaman, Maryval Ogaku Ogri

An efficient protocol for in vitro propagation of Fig (Ficus carica sp) and evaluation of genetic fidelity using RAPD and ISSR markers

El-Dessoky S. Dessoky , Attia O. Attia , El-Awady A. M. Mohamed

Hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effects of Aerva lanata (Linn.) on alloxan induced diabetic rats

Ramalingam Vidhya , Rajangam Udayakumar

Biochemical Modulations in Duttaphrynus melanostictus Tadpoles, Following Exposure to Commercial Formulations of Cypermethrin: An Overlooked Impact of Extensive Cypermethrin use

David Muniswamy, Shrinivas S Jadhav, Kartheek R Malowade

Recent developments in understanding the mechanism and functions of microRNAs

Suhail Muzaffar, Karishma Bisht

Medicinal and Functional Values of Thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.) Herb

Eqbal M. A. Dauqan, Aminah Abdullah

Inducible Antimicrobial Compounds (Halal) Production in Honey Bee Larvae (Apis mellifera) from Rumaida, Taif by injecting of various dead Microorganisms extracts

Abd-ElAziem Farouk, N. Thoufeek Ahamed, Othman AlZahrani, Akram Alghamdi, AbdulAziz Bahobail

Dagaa (Rastrinoebola argentea) protein hydrolysate as a nitrogen source in microbial culture media

Katherine Pere, Betty Mbatia, Edward Muge, Vitalis W. Wekesa

Morphological and Elemental analysis of the effluent of Lead-acid battery manufacturing

Narasimhulu Korrapati, Paramjeet Saroj, Nisha Gaur

Probiotic potential of thermotolerant lactic acid bacteria isolated from “Gari “a cassava-based African fermented food

Bertrand Tatsinkou Fossi, Robert Ndjouenkeu

Chemical composition, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of the essential oil of Vetiveria nigritana (Benth.) Stapf roots from Burkina Faso

Zenabou Semde, Jean Koudou, Cheikna Zongo, Gilles Figueredo, Marius K. Somda, Leguet Ganou, Alfred S. Traore

Production, characterization and optimization of fermented tomato and carrot juices by using Lysinibacillus sphaericus isolate

Naga Sivudu Seelam, Harika Akula, Umamahesh Katike, Vijaya Sarathi Reddy Obulam

Isolation and screening of dye decolorizing bacteria from industrial effluent

Mayur Gahlout, Poonam Chauhan, Hiren Prajapati, Suman Saroj, Poonam Narale

Fermentative Production of Microbial Enzymes and their Applications: Present status and future prospects

Viswanath Vittaladevaram

Effect of gill removal and gutting on the quality of Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) under different storage condition

W. Uddin, M. G. Rasul , M. M. Hossain, B. C. Majumdar, M. S. Rahman, M. A. J. Bapary

Non-coding DNA – a brief review

Anandakumar Shanmugam, Arumugam Nagarajan, Shanmughavel Pramanayagam

Evaluation of salt tolerance ability in some fig (Ficus carica L.) cultivars using tissue culture technique

Hemaid Ibrahim Ahemaidan Soliman, Mohamed R. A. Abd Alhady

Beneficial microbiomes: Biodiversity and potential biotechnological applications for sustainable agriculture and human health

Ajar Nath Yadav, Rajesh Kumar, Sunil Kumar, Vinod Kumar, TCK Sugitha, Bhanumati Singh, Vinay Singh Chauahan, Harcharan Singh Dhaliwal, Anil Kumar Saxena

Biodiversity and biotechnological applications of halophilic microbes for sustainable agriculture

Ajar Nath Yadav, Anil Kumar Saxena

In vitro propagation by axillary shoot proliferation, assessment of antioxidant activity, and genetic fidelity of micropropagated Paederia foetida L.

Biswaranjan Behera, Priyajeet Sinha, Sushanto Gouda, Sakti K. Rath, Durga P. Barik, Padan K. Jena, Pratap C. Panda, Soumendra K. Naik

Morphological, enzymatic screening, and phylogenetic analysis of thermophilic bacilli isolated from five hot springs of Myagdi, Nepal

Punam Yadav , Suresh Korpole, Gandham S Prasad, Girish Sahni , Jyoti Maharjan, Lakshmaiah Sreerama, Tribikram Bhattarai

Microbial shelf life quality assessment of a sensory evaluated ready-to-serve Momordica charantia L. (Bitter Gourd) drink

P E Chern, N A Mahyudin, H Ghazali, N K Mahmud Ab Rashid

In vitro conservation and propagation of the endemic species of “floating hearts” (Nymphoides krishnakesara Joseph and Sivar. - Menyanthaceae) as a conservation strategy

Swetha Thilak T, Anusree P, Saranya Babu Jayaprakash CM, Smitha RB, Minoo Divakaran, Madhusoodanan PV, Prakashkmar R

Submerged fermentation, purification, and characterization of L-asparaginase from Streptomyces sp. isolated from soil

Savitha S. Desai, Basavaraj S. Hungund

Progress in understanding the regulation and expression of genes during plant somatic embryogenesis: A review

Vikrant, Prajisha Janardhanan

Decolorization and total nitrogen removal from batik effluent using alginate immobilized freshwater microalgae Chlorella sp.

Mohd Asyraf Kassim, Nur-Aien Fatini Abdul Latif, Noor-Haza Fazlin Hashim

Synergistic Antibacterial Effect of Silver Nanoparticles and Extremely Low-Frequency Pulsed Magnetic Fields on Klebsiella pneumoniae

Mai I. El-kaliuoby, Alaa M. Khalil, Ahmed M. El-Khatib, Thanaa I. Shalaby

Aroclor 1254 induced oxidative stress and histopathological changes in mice liver

Jalpa Raja, Shweta Pathak, Rahul Kundu

Antimicrobial applications of sophorolipid from Candida bombicola: A promising alternative to conventional drugs

Victoria Akemi Itakura Silveira, Christiane Aparecida Urzedo Queiroz Freitas, Maria Antonia Pedrine Colabone Celligoi

Comparative analysis of metagenomic DNA extraction methods from gut microbiota of zebrafish (Danio rerio) for downstream next-generation sequencing

Venetia D’Rose, Tina Kollannoor Johny, Sarita Bhat

Consequence of chromium-tainted soil on physical and biochemical responses of Vigna radiata L.

Bibhu Prasad Rath, Sujata Hota, Subhra Subhadarshini, Debasis Dash, Prabhu Kaibalya Das

Computational-based approaches in epigenetic research: Insights from computational tools, mathematical models, and machine learning methods

Roghayeh Ghorbani, Reza Shokri-Gharelo

Hypolipidemic effects of Lysinibacillus sphaericus fermented tomato and carrot juices in high-fat diet-fed albino Wistar rats

Naga Sivudu Seelam, Umamahesh Katike, Peddanna Kotha, Harika Akula, Vijaya Sarathi Reddy Obulam

Antibacterial and antifungal activities of leaf and stem of Marsilea minuta L. against selected microbial pathogens

Govindaraj Sabithira, Rajangam Udayakumar

Genomic and proteomic approach as a tool to discrimination of Escherichia coli strains of biotechnological interest

Frederico Santos Barbosa , Luciana Nobre Leite, Mauro Aparecido de Sousa Xavier, Alessandra Rejane Ericsson de Oliveira Xavier

Effect of foliar fertilization with zinc and manganese sulfate on yield, dry matter accumulation, and zinc and manganese contents in leaf and seed of chickpea (Cicer arietinum)

Soheil Kobraee

Assessment of General effects and gastrointestinal prokinetic activity of Baccharis crispa in mice

Ana M. Velázquez, Zulma E. Mallorquín, Yenny Montalbetti, Miguel A. Campuzano-Bublitz, María C. Hellión-Ibarrola, María L. Kennedy, Derlis A. Ibarrola.

Screening of different Pseudomonas and Bacillus Spp. for production of L-glutamic acid and impact of their cell-free filtrate on growth and yield of brinjal (Solanum melongena)

Valmik M. Patil, Kishor R. Patole, Mohan S. Paprikar, Jaysingh C. Rajput

Genome complexity of begomovirus disease and a concern in agro-economic loss

Hanjabam Joykishan Sharma, Susheel Kumar Sharma, Nongthombam Bidyananda Singh

Low dose and subchronic Aroclor 1254 induced histopathological changes in mice kidney

Jalpa Raja, Shweta Pathak, Rahul Kundu

Antibacterial potential of Caesalpinia bonducella extracts and their isolated phytoconstituents: in vitro and in silico analysis

S R Santosh Kumar, Sudhesh L Shastri, Venkatesh R, K Pradeepa, V Krishna

Phytochemical analysis, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of Aidia borneensis leaf extracts

Zulhamizan Awang-Jamil, Aida Maryam Basri, Norhayati Ahmad, Hussein Taha

Comparative chemical and biological investigations of three Saudi Astragalus species

Mohamed A. Ashour

Response of green synthesized drug blended silver nanoparticles against periodontal disease triggering pathogenic microbiota

Neeraj Kumar Fuloria, Shivkanya Fuloria, Kok Yik Chia, Sundram Karupiah, Kathiresan Sathasivam

Development of a microarray-based method for simultaneous detection and serotyping of Streptococcus pneumoniae from culture negative serum samples

Avid Hussain Shaik, Vandana Govindan, Geetha Nagaraj, Kadahalli Lingegowda Ravikumar

Vibriocidal activity of leaf and rhizome extracts of Maranta arundinacea L.

Priyadarshani Samal, Priyaranjan Tripathy, Ritarani Das, Santi Lata Sahoo, Chinmay Pradhan, Bijaya Kumar Padhi, Jyoti Ranjan Rout

High-density culture of Vero cells in novel perfusion bioreactor system

Ravindra Patel, Debjani Dasgupta, Madhavi Vernekar

Investigation of morphological, phytochemical, and enzymatic characteristics of Anethum graveolens L. using selenium in combination with humic acid and fulvic acid

Parviz Samavatipour, Vahid Abdossi, Reza Salehi, Saeed Samavat,Alireza Ladan Moghadam

Kinetic and thermodynamic parameters of four acid phosphatases from edible seeds of oleaginous cucurbit Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl.

Djary Michel Koffi, Jean Bedel Fagbohoun

The effect of chicken manure tea and vermicompost on some quantitative and qualitative parameters of seedling and mature greenhouse cucumber

Mehran Jandaghi, Mohammad Reza Hasandokht, Vahid Abdossi, Pezhman Moradi

In silico analysis of chili encoded miRNAs targeting Chili leaf curl begomovirus and its associated satellite

Megha Mishra, Rajesh Kumar, Rajarshi Kumar Gaur, Rakesh Kumar Verma

Evaluation of bioelectricity productivity using alkaliphilic Bacillus alkalogaya BW2(1) as a possible exoelectrogens for improvement of microbial fuel cell performance

Vishal Dhundale, Vijayshree Hemke, Dhananjay Desai, Pinky Khemchandani, Gayatri Aher, and Parthsarathi Dikonda

Improvement of germination rate and in vitro multiplication of Lavandula angustifolia

Chaimae Slimani, Hakima Sqalli, Chaimae Rais, Squalli Wafae, Abderrahim Lazraq, Lahsen El Ghadraoui, Saadia Belmalha, Ghizlane Echchgadda

Biological activities and phytochemicals of Hyptis capitata grown in East Kalimantan, Indonesia

Irawan Wijaya Kusuma, Rahmini, Enos Tangke Arung, Arif Yudo Pramono, Erwin, Supomo

Partial purification and characterization of antimicrobial peptide from the hemolymph of cockroach Periplaneta americana

Reymend Encily Martin, Yogita Raosaheb Channe

Mycelial biomass, antioxidant, and myco-actives of mycelia of abalone mushroom Pleurotus cystidiosus in liquid culture

Kent Garcia, Chester Jhae Garcia, Reynante Bustillos, Rich Milton Dulay

Optimization of physical parameters for the growth and lipid production in Nannochloropsis gaditana (Lubian, 1982)

Shyni MarKose, Ajan Chellappan, Praba Thangamani, Subilal George, Selvaraj Thangaswamy, Citarasu Thavasimuthu, Michaelbabu Mariavincent

An efficient algae cell wall disruption methodology for recovery of intact chloroplasts from microalgae

Smita Patil, Arvind M Lali, Gunjan Prakash

Effect of frozen storage on the biochemical, microbial and sensory attributes of Skipjack Tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis) fish loins

Suprakash Chakma, Susmita Saha, Nazmul Hossain, Md. Arifur Rahman, Marjan Akter, Md. Sazedul Hoque, Md. Rahamat Ullah, Sujan Kanti Mali, Al Shahriar

Physicochemical, phytochemical, and GC–MS analysis of leaf and fruit of Pouteria campechiana (Kunth) Baehni

Akshata Pai, Chandrakala Shenoy

Impact of chemical properties of soil on spore density, colonization, and distribution of native arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi associated with Capsicum annuum L.

Komal Chandrakant Dhumal, Bharat Pandharinath Shinde

Identification and in-silico characterization of differentially expressed salt-induced proteins in the leaves of mangrove grass Myriostachya wightiana

Mathikani Kiran Kumar, B V Sandeep, Pola Sudhakar

Distribution and species listing of wild macrofungi in Sitio Canding, Barangay Maasin, San Clemente, Tarlac Province, Philippines

Rich Milton Dulay, Jose Santos Carandang VI, Sofronio Kalaw, Renato Reyes

Interactive potential of Pseudomonas species with plants

Suhana Shaikh,, Nutan Yadav, Anoop R. Markande,

Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility profile of Mycoplasma hominis and Ureaplasma urealyticum in female population, Gabon

Mohamed Ag Baraïka, Richard Onanga, Berthold Bivigou-Mboumba, Arsène Mabika-Mabika, Ulrick Jolhy Bisvigou, Fousseyni S. Touré Ndouo, N. Coumba Touré Kane

Molecular identification and optimization of cultural conditions for mycelial biomass production of wild strain of Chlorophyllum molybdites (G.Mey) Massee from the Philippines

Benjie L. Garcia, Jerwin R. Undan, Rich Milton R. Dulay, Sofronio P. Kalaw, Renato G. Reyes

Sustainable development of plant tissue culture industry: The Indian scenario

Shashank M. Patil, V. B. Chandana Kumari, K. Sumana, S. Sujay, M. Tejaswini, Prithvi S. Shirahatti, Ramith Ramu

Beneficial plant-microbe interactions for agricultural sustainability

Ajar Nath Yadav

Enhanced production of a bioactive molecule from a symbiotic marine bacterium, Paenibacillus macerans SAM 9 isolated from the sea anemone, Heteractis aurora

Thayanithi Bharathi, Kathirvelu Sambandan, Kandasamy Sivasubramani

Antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer activities of leaves extracts of Filicium decipiens

Atiyaparveen I Basarikatti, Sanjay Mishra, Vijaykumar Uppar, Basavaraj Padmashali

Antiplasmodial activity of desloratadine-dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine on Plasmodium berghei infected mice

Udeme Owunari Georgewill, Nwakaego Omonigho Ebong, Elias Adikwu

Allelopathic effect of Wedelia trilobata L., on the germination and growth of Cicer arietinum, Vigna unguiculata, and Vigna radiata seedlings

S. Shahena, Maya Rajan, Vinaya Chandran, Linu Mathew

The comparative antimicrobial and anticancer of chemical extract from in vitro and in vivo Peperomia pellucida plantlet

Lydia Teoh, Nareshwaran Gnanasegaran, Ahmad Faris Mohd Adnan, Rosna Mat Taha

Plasticity of tandem repeats in expressed sequence tags of angiospermic and non-angiospermic species: Insight into cladistic, phenetic, and elementary explorations

Shamshad Ul Haq, Prerna Dhingra, Meenakshi Sharma, S. L. Kothari, Sumita Kachhwaha

Effects of light on cell growth, chlorophyll, and carotenoid contents of Chlorella sorokiniana and Ankistrodesmus falcatus in poultry dropping medium

Jane Chizie Ogbonna, Nkechinyere Onyekwere Nweze, Christiana Nwakego Ogbonna

Microbial biotechnology for bio-prospecting of microbial bioactive compounds and secondary metabolites

Ajar Nath Yadav

Screening of synergistic and antimicrobial effect of Cr (VI) and Ni (II) tolerant bacteria Bacillus cereus

Subhayan Dutta, Khaleda Firdous, Swati Chakraborty

Linalool protects hippocampal CA1 neurons and improves functional outcomes following experimental ischemia/reperfusion in rats

Vishal Airao, Prakruti Buch, Tejas Sharma, Devendra Vaishnav, Sachin Parmar

Bioprospecting of endophytic bacteria from the Indian Himalayas and their role in plant growth promotion of maize (Zea mays L.)

Kusam Lata Rana, Divjot Kour, Tanvir Kaur, Rubee Devi, Ashok Yadav, Ajar Nath Yadav

Biodiversity and bioprospecting of extremophilic microbiomes for agro-environmental sustainability

Ajar Nath Yadav

Neurotensin agonist PD 149163 modulates the hypothalamic– pituitary–adrenal axis impairment in lipopolysaccharide-challenged mice

Ankit Mishra, Krishna Pal Singh

Dengue infection profile in Gujarat, West India: A recent report

Nishita S. Naik, Shiva V. Murarka, Dhariya Sanghrajka, Bhavini S. Shah, Rutvik J. Raval, Mandava V. Rao

An insight on micro propagation of Myrica species for improvement in cultivation practices of nutraceutically important fruits

Sohan Lal, Amita Kumari, Ishita Guleria, Jyoti Dhatwalia, Shabnam Thakur, Shailja Kumari, Subhash Sharma

Accumulation of plastics in terrestrial crop plants and its impact on the plant growth

Bhavika Garua, Jai Gopal Sharma

Production of bioactive compounds by Streptomyces sp. and their antimicrobial potential against selected MDR uropathogens

Archana Singh, Padma Singh

Seasonal analysis of certain biochemical parameters of carps cultured in domestic sewage oxidation ponds

Sharique A. Ali, M. Hanumanth Raju, Naima Parveen

Diversity and antimicrobial potential of endophytic fungi from aromatic plants of Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary, Western Ghats, Karnataka

Rajeshwari Jagadish, Srinivas Chowdappa

Identification of noval non-coding RNAs in Rhizoctonia solani through mining of transcriptomic data

Balachander Durairaj, Sudheesh K. Prabhudas, Jaiganesh Rengarajan, Iyappan Sellamuthu

Bacterial degradation of sericin for degumming of silk fibers–A green approach

Bhavna Pandya, Soniya Shetty

Biodiversity of cyanobacteria in fresh water ponds of Pudukkottai district, Tamil Nadu, India

Dhanalakshmi Jayakumar, Jeevan Pandiyan

Phytomicrobiomes for agro-environmental sustainability

Ajar Nath Yadav

Microalgal biorefinery: Challenge and strategy in bioprocessing of microalgae carbohydrate for fine chemicals and biofuel

Tan Kean Meng, Razif Harun, Ramizah Kamaludin, Mohd Asyraf Kassim

Soil nutrient status and yield of rice under organic and inorganic inputs

Michael Troza, Anamae Sutacio, Al Polinar, Reuben James Cillo Rollon

Study of in vitro activity on glucose uptake of 3T3L1 cells, RIN5f cells, and glycemic index stimulation inhibitory effect of Abutilon indicum (L.) extract

L. Lavanya, V. Veeraraghavan, Renuka Srihari, C. N. Prashantha

Efficient plant regeneration and molecular marker-based genetic integrity analysis of Ceropegia lawii Hook: An endemic and endangered herb

Mukta R. Bhamare, Hemantkumar A. Thakur, Jaykumar J. Chavan

Assessment of sublethal toxicity using proliferation markers in fish cell line-ICG exposed to agrochemicals

Ankita Salunke, Parth Pandya, Ankur Upadhyay, Pragna Parikh

Synergistic effect of Hydnophytum formicarum tuber and Vatica diospyroides Symington cotyledon extracts with ampicillin on pathogenic bacteria

Kanokrat Keawchai, Parinuch Chumkaew, Patima Permpoonpattana, Theera Srisawat

Allelopathic potential of Annona muricata (L.) on physiological and biochemical changes of Vigna radiata (L.) and Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.

Edwina Kannan, Leela Palayian

Suppression of the RAGE gene expression in RAW 264.7 murine leukemia cell line by ethyl acetate extract of Mikania micrantha (L.) Kunth.

Alex Zohmachhuana, Malsawmdawngliana Tlaisun, Vabeiryureilai Mathipi, Lalrinzuali Khawlhring, Joyce Sudandara Priya

A review on fish peptides isolated from fish waste with their potent bioactivities

Ayusman Behera, Rajashree Das, Pranati Patnaik, Jyotirmaya Mohanty, Gargee Mohanty

Vitamin K2: An emerging essential nutraceutical and its market potential

Sunita Aggarwal, Siddharth Gupta, Shalini Sehgal, Praneeta Srivastava, Aparajita Sen, Garishma Gulyani, Anmol Jain

Quantification of phytochemicals and in vitro antioxidant activities from various parts of Euphorbia neriifolia Linn.

Priya Chaudhary, Pracheta Janmeda

Microbes-mediated alleviation of heavy metal stress in crops: Current research and future challenges

Rubee Devi, Tanvir Kaur, Divjot Kour, Macie Hricovec, Rajinikanth Mohan, Neelam Yadav, Pankaj Kumar Rai, Ashutosh Kumar Rai, Ashok Yadav, Manish Kumar, Ajar Nath Yadav

Molecular diversity and phylogenetic analysis of exopolymer producing fungal strains isolated from Krishna river mangrove sediments

Annavarapu Mohana Ventaka Naga Prathyusha, Venkateswarulu Nagam, Chanda Vikrant Berde, Siva Saikiran Badithala, Muni Ramanna Gari Subhosh Chandra, Thummala Chandra Sekhar, Veera Bramhachari Pallaval

Microbes for Agricultural and Environmental Sustainability

Ajar Nath Yadav, Divjot Kour, Ahmed M. Abdel-Azeem, Murat Dikilitas, Abd El-Latif Hesham, Amrik Singh Ahluwalia

Role of microRNAs in the progression and metastasis of gastric cancer

Havisha Dinesh, Megala Jayaraman

Effect of different cooking conditions on resistant starch and estimated glycemic index of macaroni

Nguyen Minh Thuy, Ngo Van Tai

Emerging microplastic contamination in ecosystem: An urge for environmental sustainability

Akanksha Saini, Jai Gopal Sharma

Bioremediation and Waste Management for Environmental Sustainability

Ajar Nath Yadav, Deep Chandra Suyal, Divjot Kour, Vishnu D. Rajput, Ali Asghar Rastegari, Joginder Singh

Microbe-mediated bioremediation: Current research and future challenges

Divjot Kour, Sofia Shareif Khan, Harpreet Kour, Tanvir Kaur, Rubee Devi, Pankaj Kumar Rai, Christina Judy, Chloe McQuestion, Ava Bianchi, Sara Spells, Rajinikanth Mohan, Ashutosh Kumar Rai, Ajar Nath Yadav

Bioremediation— sustainable tool for diverse contaminants management: Current scenario and future aspects

Manali Singh, Kuldeep Jayant, Shivani Bhutani, Anshi Mehra, Tanvir Kaur, Divjot Kour, Deep Chandra Suyal, Sangram Singh, Ashutosh Kumar Rai, Ajar Nath Yadav

Ex-situ biofilm mediated approach for bioremediation of selected heavy metals in wastewater of textile industry

Anu Kumar, Shivani, Bhanu Krishan, Mrinal Samtiya, Tejpal Dhewa

Bioremediation of textile dyeing industry effluent from small-scale industries using a microbial consortium of Bacillus sp., Escherichia coli, and Aspergillus niger

Shobina Kannan, Jegathambal Palanichamy,, T. Sugitha, C. Mayilsami

Exosome mediated cell signal toward breast cancer metastasis: A comprehensive review

Manikantan Pappuswamy, Anushka Shitut

Calcium influences biochemical and antioxidant enzymatic activities in tomato fruits during storage

Salma Santhosh, Thiyagarajan Chitdeshwari, Kavitha Chinnasamy

Meta-analysis of Type 2 diabetes and insulin resistance gene expression datasets to decipher their associated pathways

Aditya Saxena, Nitish Mathur, Uma Chaudhary, Utkarsh Raj, Sneha Rai, Sandeep Kumar Mathur

Endophytic bacterial metagenomics and phosphate solubilization activities in an endemic legume Humboldtia brunonis Wall.

Ganesh V. Shendye, N. Thamizhseran

In vitro evaluation of the antibacterial potential of flavonoid glycosides from Glinus oppositifolius (L.) Aug. DC.

K. Suresh Kannan, D. Kandavel, P. Rajalakshmi, P. Maheswari

Ceiba pentandra (L.) Gaertn.: An overview of its botany, uses, reproductive biology, pharmacological properties, and industrial potentials

Eric Wei Chiang Chan,, Siew Wei Yeong, Chen Wai Wong, Oi Yoon Michelle Soo,, Alice Choon Yen Phua, Ying Ki Ng

Detrimental effects of microplastics in aquatic fauna on marine and freshwater environments – A comprehensive review

Irene Monica Jaikumar, Majesh Tomson, Manikantan Pappuswamy, Krishnakumar V, Anushka Shitut, Arun Meyyazhagan, Balamuralikrishnan Balasubramnaian, Vijaya Anand Arumugam

Multitargeted molecular docking study of phytochemicals on hepatocellular carcinoma

Vikas Jha, Anjali Bhosale, Prakruti Kapadia, Agraj Bhargava, Arpita Marick, Zahra Charania, Omkar Parulekar, Mafiz Shaikh, Bhakti Madaye

Occurrence of two endophytic associative nitrogen-fixing Caulobacter spp., from three non-nodulating endemic legumes based on nifH gene analysis

N. Thamizhseran, Ganesh V. Shendye

Role of effective microorganisms on hematological and biochemical indices of cultured Oreochromis niloticus exposed to lead, copper, and cadmium under temperature variations

Ragab G. Abdel Salam,, Samah M. Bassem, Eman Salah Abdel-Reheim, Mahmoud Abdel-Latif, Giulia Guerriero, Fagr Kh Abdel-Gawad,

Engineering to enhance thermostability of xylanase: For the new era of biotechnology

Chitranshu Pandey, Pallavi Sharma, Neeraj Gupta

Elemental, nutritional, and phytochemical profiling and antioxidant activity of Cordia obliqua Willd. (Clammy Cherry): An important underutilized forest tree of East India

Mamta Naik#,, Shashikanta Behera#,,, Sadhni Induar, Swaraj K. Babu, Pradeep K. Naik

Isolation and partial characterization of serine proteases from jellyfish of the Antarctic region

Nataliia Raksha, Teyiana Halenova, Tetiana Vovk, Tetiana Beregova, Tetiana Maievska, Victor Tomchuk, Olexiy Savchuk, Ludmila Ostapchenko

Antimicrobial peptide coding gene of thermophilic bacteria isolated from crater hot spring in mountains around West Java

Emma Rachmawati, Sinta Asarina, Gabriel Bagus Kennardi, Ratu Safitri, Toto Subroto, Ani Melani Maskoen

Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm and their molecular escape strategies

M. G. Avinash, S. Aishwarya, Farhan Zameer, Shubha Gopal

Microbes mediated plastic degradation: A sustainable approach for environmental sustainability

Harpreet Kour, Sofia Shareif Khan, Divjot Kour, Shafaq Rasool, Yash Pal Sharma, Pankaj Kumar Rai, Sangram Singh, Kundan Kumar Chaubey, Ashutosh Kumar Rai, Ajar Nath Yadav

Characterization of indole-3-acetic acid biosynthesis and stability from Micrococcus luteus

Patcha Boonmahome, Wiyada Mongkolthanaruk

Leveraging monoclonal antibodies as therapeutics to address antimicrobial resistance in bacteria

Vaishali Verma

Overview of refolding methods on misfolded recombinant proteins from Escherichia coli inclusion bodies

Ahmad Nabiel, Yosua Yosua, Sriwidodo Sriwidodo, Iman Permana Maksum

Isolation, characterization and optimization of keratinolytic bacteria from chicken feather waste dumping site

Thiyagarajan Amuthavalli, Cyril Ravi

Micropropagation strategies in medicinally important turmeric (Curcuma sp): Current research and future challenges

Hemavathi Brijesh, Brijesh Ajjappala

Assessment of agronomic trait and tolerance indices on yield parameters in eight barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) accessions under salt stress

Rajeswari Somasundaram, A. Somasundaram

Revisiting microbial pectinases: An understanding between structure-functional relationship in the arena of genetic engineering

Surojit Bera, Evangeline Rajan, Sandali Shakya, Imasha Perera, Sasini Wijewarna, Movinya Semini

Antimicrobial potential of Indian cooperative spider, Stegodyphus sarasinorum, and Golden orb spider, Nephila pilipes hemolymph against pathogenic bacteria

Dhanapal Sangavi, Padur Sankaranarayanan Anisha, Douglas J. H. Shyu, Parthasarathy Thiruchenthil Nathan

Antimicrobial and anticancer potential of soil bacterial metabolites - a comprehensive and updated review

A. Ram Kumar,, S. Kumaresan

Identification of host-specific skin-mucus and gut microbiota in snakehead murrel (Channa striata) (Bloch, 1793) using metagenomics approach

Kiran D. Rasal, Sangita Dixit, Pragyan Paramita Swain, Prabhugouda Siriyappagouder, Rajesh Kumar, Mir Asif Iquebal, Manohar Vasam, Jakson Debbarma, Sarika Jaiswal, U. B. Angadi, Anil Rai, Dinesh Kumar, Jitendra Kumar Sundaray

Beneficial microorganisms for healthy soils, healthy plants and healthy humans

Ajar Nath Yadav, Divjot Kour, Neelam Yadav

Microbes as a gift from God

Ajar Nath Yadav,, Divjot Kour, Neelam Yadav

Sensing oxy anodic microbial fuel cell potential of halotolerant protease producer Priestia megaterium BorS17B13 belonging to mangrove biota

Priyanka S. Sawant, Jignasha T. Thumar

A metagenomic analysis of gut microbiome phylogeny among four economically important carp species from wild and aquaculture farms

Shrihari Ashok Pingle, Abhay John Khandagle

Characterization of Bean common mosaic virus strain blackeye cowpea mosaic infecting cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) in Egypt

Naglaa A.R. EL-Sayed, Amro A. Farrag, Noura H. Mohamed, Om-Hashim M. EL-Banna, Moustafa A.S. EL-Kady

A novel trypsin inhibitor peptide MoCh I with antimicrobial activity derived from Momordica charantia

Samriti Dogra, Rajesh Biswas, Rupinderjeet Kaur, Sangeeta Sharma, Kakoli Biswas

Biotechnological potential of secondary metabolites: Current status and future challenges

Sofia Sharief Khan, Divjot Kour, Seema Ramniwas, Shaveta Singh, Sanjeev Kumar, Satvinder Kour, Roshi Sharma, Harpreet Kour, Shafaq Rasool, Sarvesh Rustagi, Sangram Singh, Kundan Kumar Chaubey, Ashutosh Kumar Rai, Ajar Nath Yadav

Biofertilizer science and practice for agriculture and forestry: A review

Sudipta Saha, Debasish Paul, Tika Ram Poudel, Nafis Mahadi Basunia, Tasnimul Hasan, Mahadi Hasan, Bei Li, Rubel Reza, Ahmed Redwan Haque, Md. Abu Hanif, Manobendro Sarker, Nathan James Roberts, Muneer Ahmad Khoso, Haibo Wu, Hai-long Shen

miR-122 and miR-21 as clinical biomarkers in hepatocellular carcinoma: A review

Nishant Kumar, Priyvart Choudhary, Narotam Sharma, Alok Tripathi, Nishesh Sharma

Isolation of yeast endophytes from healthy seeds of Capsicum annuum L. and assessment of their antimicrobial activity

Barbi Bhuyan, Purthimi Kungri Hansepi, Suraiya Akhtar, Raja Ahmed, Rafiul Amin Laskar, Kumanand Tayung

Metabolic profile, bioactivities, and variations in chemical constituents of essential oils of twenty mango ginger (Curcuma amada) accessions

Jyotirmayee Lenka, Snehalata Khuntia, Basudeba Kar, Suprava Sahoo

Bacillus paralicheniformis (OQ202112) - Mediated biodiesel production using groundnut husk: A sustainable approach for bioenergy generation

Roshani Kantibhai Chaudhary, Priti Hemant Patel, Nikita Rajendrasinh Chavda, Vaidehi Kamlesh Patel, Kaushal Kantilal Chaudhary

The development of multiplication conditions in vitro of Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni in Morocco

Bouaaza Ghizlane,, Chetto Ouiam, Beniken Lhou, Dziri Laila, Benkirane Rachid, Hamid Benyahia

Investigating plasmid-mediated antimicrobial resistance in gut microbes: A focus on Prevotella and Bifidobacterium

Jayavigneshwar Natarajan, Sorna Lakshmi S, Ishaan Ramachandran, Devika Sharma, Bhuvaneshwaran Rajaguru, Priya Swaminathan

Assessment of oxidative stress, genotoxicity, and histopathological alterations in freshwater food fish Channa punctatus exposed to fungicide, Mancozeb

Manoj Kumar, Anjali Mishra, Akash Verma, Anamika Jain, Adeel Ahmad Khan, Shikha Dwivedi, Sunil P. Trivedi

Assessment of bioactivity of the novel exopolysaccharide secreted by Bacillus subtilis isolated from the gut of marine anchovies

Thejaswi Bhandary, Paari Kuppusamy Alagesan

Molecular docking and simulation studies of medicinal plant phytochemicals with Leishmania donovani adenosylmethionine decarboxylase

Praffulla Kumar Arya, Krishnendu Barik, Ajay Kumar Singh, Anil Kumar

Rhizospheric microbiomes for agricultural sustainability

Ajar Nath Yadav,, Divjot Kour, Neelam Yadav

Environment and climate change: Influence on biodiversity, present scenario, and future prospect

Divjot Kour, Kanwaljit Kaur Ahluwalia, Seema Ramniwas, Sanjeev Kumar, Sarvesh Rustagi, Sangram Singh, Ashutosh Kumar Rai, Ajar Nath Yadav,, Amrik Singh Ahluwalia

Biodiesel production of oleaginous yeast isolated from the Mount Makiling Forest Reserve

Irene G. Pajares, Princess J. Requiso, Lorenzo M. Fabro Jr, Kristine Rose M. Ramos, Asuncion K. Raymundo

Solid-state fermentation of pigment producing endophytic fungus Fusarium solani from Madiwala lake and its toxicity studies

Bhoomika Prakash Poornamath, Suma Sarojini, Saranya Jayaram, Soma Biswas, Anand Kaloor, Mridul Umesh

Evaluation of pancreatic lipase and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors from ethanolic extract of butterfly pea (Clitoria ternatea L.) flowers

Ratna Djamil, Diah Kartika Pratami, Tia Novia Wilantika, Qurrata A’yun, Abdul Mun’im, Asep Bayu, Masteria Yunovilsa Putra

Microbial diversity of river Ganga at Haridwar (Uttarakhand) through metagenomic approaches

Annapurna Katara, Sumit Chand, Harshvardhan Chaudhary, Harish Chandra, Ramesh Chand Dubey

Antimicrobial peptide and their role in sperm cryopreservation

Manish Kumar,, Ravi Ranjan, Alok Bhardwaj

Impact of nanoparticles on microalgae and the prospects for biofuel production: Current advancements and future outlook

Richa Pahariya, Abhishek Chauhan, Anuj Ranjan,, S. K. Thakur¸ Hardeep Singh Tuli, Seema Ramniwas, Moyad Shahwan,, Tanu Jindal

Improving micropropagation of Moringa oleifera: The use of semi-solid medium for rooting and sucrose-free liquid medium combined with temporary ventilation for hardening

Eufrocinio Dela Cruz Marfori

Classification of gene expression from RNA-seq data for pancreatic cancer prognosis using ensemble learning

G. Jagadeeswara Rao,, A. Siva Prasad

Porphyridium sp. Microalgae as a source of polysaccharides

Yulia-Danae Boychenko, Ekaterina Budenkova, Nina Kostyushina, Olga Babich, Egor Kashinskikh

Study of morphology and orchid mycorrhizal associations in Malaxis rheedei

B. S. Jyothsna, Radha Mahendran, Manish Raj Mishra, Sanjay Dey, Deepti Srivastava

AZIN1-centric dynamic network biomarker of tipping point in non-small cell lung cancer metastasis

Anita Chauhan, Kuntal Kalra, Seema Kalra

The medicinal plant Berberis aristata and its endophytes for pharmacological applications: Current research and future challenges

Sheetal Sharma, M. V. N. L. Chaitanya, Sarika Sharma, Sanjeev Kumar, Sarvesh Rustagi, Sangram Singh, Sheikh Shreaz, Ashutosh Kumar Rai, Rajeshwari Negi, Ajar Nath Yadav,

Toxins in plant pathogenesis: Understanding the role of toxins in host-pathogen interaction

Seweta Srivastava, Akhilesh Chandrapati, Aakash Gupta, Meenakshi Rana, Arun Karnwal, Kanuri Komala Siva Katyayani, Raghavendra Reddy Manda, Dipshikha Kaushik, Shaptadvipa Bhattacharjee, Ravindra Kumar

Unlocking the mysteries of Alzheimer’s disease: Role of single-cell sequencing in uncovering microbial infections

Prashant Singh, Monu Kaushik, Sarvesh Kumar Gupta, Amit Chaudhary

Phenotypic and genotypic detection of Beta-lactamase producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from Haryana, India

Khem Chand,, Amit Lath, Aparna Yadav, Madhu Sharma, Nater Pal Singh, Sanjay Kumar, Rajiv Yadav, Sawraj Singh, Anita Rani Santal

A computational statistical approach to assess cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.] cultivars diversity and select elite genotypes from Agro-morphological and biochemical traits

Noel Dougba Dago, Jean Simon Konan Assouman, Saraka Didier Martial Yao, Nafan Diarrassouba

Molecular, morphological, and biomolecular characterization of ethyl methanesulfonate-induced mutations in Aerides odoratum, an orchid

B. S. Jyothsna, Sanjay Dey, Venkataramanan S., Raghavendra L. S. Hallur, Deepti Srivastava

Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria: Influence to abiotic stress tolerance in rice (Oryza sativa L.)

Trinayana Sonowal, Namrata Gupta, Sanjeev Kumar, Sarvesh Rustagi, Sangram Singh, Ashutosh Kumar Rai, Sheikh Shreaz, Rajeshwari Negi, Ajar Nath Yadav,

Secondary metabolite profiles, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of callus, and leaves extract of Piper sarmentosum Roxb.

Junairiah Junairiah, Listijani Suhargo, Tri Nurhariyati, Nabilah Istighfari Zuraidassanaaz

Befunolol as a potential inhibitor of glycogen phosphorylase: an in silico approach

Pavani Nadavapalli, Padmini Nadavapalli, Kavya Sritha Bojja, Kavishankar Gawli

Pharmacological and biotechnological overview of Sauropus androgynus L. Merr.: an underexploited perennial shrub

Dhaneswar Swain, Bijaya Kumar Sahoo, Ajaya Pattanaik, Subrat Kumar Mahapatra, Gyana Ranjan Rout